The skin, called the integumentary system, is the body's first line of defense. It establishes a barrier between the environment and the body fluids, muscles, organs and tissues that make up the human body. Due to being exposed and being constantly attacked by rubbing, rubbing and lacerations, skin infections are one of the main causes of medical consultation worldwide.
Causes of skin infections
The skin is inhabited by billions of groups of bacteria that live in it in perfect harmony. However, any alteration in the number of one of these bacterial groups, or a break in the outermost layers, can cause bacteria that were in harmony to grow and reproduce, infecting the area.
Similarly, harmful and dangerous bacteria can be collected by contact with a contaminated surface or object, which will take advantage of any wound to infect the area.
Types of skin infections
Depending on the type of microorganism that infects the cells of the dermis, infections can be classified into three groups.
1. Bacterial skin infections
They are all infections that are caused by the growth of one or more classes of bacteria in any of the three layers of the dermis.
These represent the largest number of reported cases, the causative bacteria are usually staphylococci and streptococci.
2. Fungal or fungal infections of the skin
They are all infections caused by fungi and spores, which invade and multiply.
3. Viral skin infections
Viruses also penetrate cells in the dermis and cause infections.
How do bacterial skin infections manifest?
The mode of presentation of bacterial infections of the dermis, usually begins as a redness and increase in volume of the affected area, followed by an increase in temperature and pain. If not treated properly, its extension will increase, being able to generate abscesses and, if it persists, an affectation of the whole organism, called sepsis.
What are the most common bacterial skin infections?
Inflammation and increase in volume, produced by an accumulation of pus, which is caused by destruction of the tissue in the compromised area.
It is the infection of the outermost layer of the dermis called epidermis, it is highly contagious and tends to occur more frequently in children between 2 and 5 years old, it is associated with inadequate personal hygiene.
It is similar to impetigo, but bacteria invade the two outermost layers of the dermis, called the epidermis and the dermis respectively. In other words, the infection deepens into the tissues.
As its name implies, it involves the bacterial infection of various hair follicles (the place where body hair or skin hair is born).
It is the infection of a hair follicle that obstructs the sebaceous gland, causes a marked increase in volume or swelling due to accumulation of pus inside it.
It is the infection of more than two pilosebaceous follicles and apocrine glands, or simply put, it means that they are several contiguous or neighboring boils.
It is considered a superficial cellulitis, that is, it is the infection of the outermost layer called the epidermis.
Infection of the deeper layers called the hypodermis, which progresses rapidly when not properly treated.
Infection of the skin fold (region of skin between the nail and its bed or edges) of the nail that causes an abscess in the area.
Natural treatments for skin infections
Depending on various factors, such as: what is the cause, the person's immune status, and how soon treatment is started, it is possible that natural treatments or home remedies can cure skin infections. The most popular and most successful remedies are:
The ability of bicarbonate to destroy some bacteria is used frequently. A mixture of a tablespoon of bicarbonate with a tablespoon of water is made, mixing them until creating a paste, later this is applied on the dermal lesions, with good results
Lemon and vinegar
Lemon and vinegar have the ability to destroy certain bacteria when they are applied to the affected area, however, the possibility of causing irritation or damage to the dermis is high, since both products are abrasive and can cause dermatitis.
There are anecdotal reports of the use of raw onions on dermal lesions with good results on some infectious skin diseases.
Once you think you have a skin infection, and it has grown in size, becomes painful, or causes discomfort, the first thing to do is visit your health care provider, who will diagnose and treat it appropriately.
Hair fall is a very common condition and affects most people at some point of time in their lives. It is normal for an average individual to lose 50-100 hair a day. Those with bald patches or thinning means they are losing hair, somewhat more than when compared others. TressAnew